Friday, October 31, 2014

What is the Difference Between the A-Theory of Time and the B-Theory Time?

When discussing God and time it is useful to understand the difference between the A-Theory of time and the B-Theory of time.

The A-Theory of time is the most widely accepted of the two and for good reason.  As philosopher William Lane Craig explains:

"According to A-Theory, things/events in time are not all equally real: the future does not yet exist and the past no longer exists; only things which are present are real.  Temporal becoming is an objective feature of reality: things come into being and go out of being." [1]   This is the commonsense view of time.  Past events are no longer, the present is real, and the future does not yet exist.

In contrast, as Craig explains, on the B-theory of time, "...all events in time are equally real, and temporal becoming is an illusion of human consciousness.  Pastness, presentness, and futurity are at most relative notions: for example, relative to the persons living in the year 2050 the people and events of 2000 are past, but relative to the persons living in 1950 the people and events of 2000 are future.  Things and events in time are objectively ordered by the relations earlier than, simultaneous with, and later than, which are tenseless relations that are unchanging and hold regardless of whether the related events are past, present, or future relative to some observer." [2]   On the B-Theory of time you can think of all events, past, present and future, as represented on a yard stick.  We are right now somewhere on the yard stick, but all the events represented by the yard stick are equally real.

For those interested in learning more, I recommend this short video in which Dr. Craig explains the A-Theory of time and B-Theory of time and how it relates to the Kalam cosmological argument for God's existence.

Which theory of time do you hold to?  Please share in the comments!

Courage and Godspeed,

1. William Lane Craig, Reasonable Faith 3rd. Ed., p. 121.
2. Ibid., p. 121.

Thursday, October 30, 2014

Randy Alcorn on Suffering

"While Western atheists turn from belief in God because a tsunami in another part of the world caused great suffering, many brokenhearted survivors of that same tsunami found faith in God. This is one of the great paradoxes of suffering. Those who don't suffer much think suffering should keep people from God, while many who suffer a great deal turn to God, not from him." 

Courage and Godspeed,

1. Randy Alcorn, If God is Good, p. 102.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Video: Is Jesus a Copycat Savior?

As I have argued elsewhere, the claim that Jesus is a "copycat" savior is popular on the internet, but virtually dead within biblical scholarship. 

In this brief video, J. Warner Wallace explains how to reason through this claim.

For more from J. Warner Wallace, see here.

For more from the One Minute Apologist, see here.

You can hear my treatment of this topic here.

Courage and Godspeed,

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Logic Primers from Apologetics 315

It has been awhile since I've posted this excellent resource, but Brian Auten of Apologetics315 really did his research and created a 5 part primer on logical thinking. This is a unique and profitable free resource.

I encourage our readers to checkout these excellent primers in logic:

Logic Primer 1: What is Logic?

Logic Primer 2: The Building Blocks of Logic

Logic Primer 3: Thinking Logically

Logic Primer 4: A Look at Language

Logic Primer 5: Logical Fallacies

Each of these installments feature recommended books, links, and audio resources.

Enjoy; and if you aren't already, I encourage you to follow Apologetics 315.

Courage and Godspeed,


Monday, October 27, 2014

Video: Chad Gross Accepts the "Pie-Life" Challenge

Over the weekend I accepted Chase Deener's "Pie-Life" Challenge and I would like to publicly call out Rob Welty, Chad Vaughn, Roger Adlon and Ron Nobles to do the same.

If you don't know what the "Pie-Life" Challenge is, watch the video!

Courage and Godspeed,

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Haven Today Interview with Nabeel Qureshi

During the summer, Nabeel Qureshi sat down with Haven Today to talk about his book Seeking Allah Finding Jesus which describes his journey from Islam to Christ. In the five part series, Nabeel talks about his book, Ramadan, what it is like being a Muslim in America, a little about what God is doing in the lives of Muslims and more. Each part can be listened to from the following links:  Part 1; Part 2; Part 3; Part 4; Part 5.

Stand firm in Christ,

Friday, October 24, 2014

What Does it Mean to Say God is Infinite?

The Kalam cosmological argument for God's existence is as follows:

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause. [1]

One argument offered in support of Premise (2) is the impossibility of an actually infinite number of things.  The argument goes like this:

1. An actually infinite number of things cannot exist.
2. A beginningless series of events in time entails an actually infinite number of things.
3. Therefore, a beginningless series of events in time cannot exist. [2]

However, this often raises the question, "If an actually infinite number of things cannot exist, how can God be infinite as theists claim?"

As William Lane Craig explains, this question is based on a misunderstanding:

"When we speak of the infinity of God, we are not using the word in a mathematical sense to refer to an aggregate of an infinite number of finite parts.  God's infinity is, if you will, qualitative, not quantitative.  It means that God is metaphysically necessary, morally perfect, omnipotent, omniscient, eternal, etc." [3]

Courage and Godspeed,

1. To learn more about the Kalam cosmological argument, checkout this outstanding short video.
2. William Lane Craig, Reasonable Faith, 3rd Ed., p. 116.
3. Ibid., p. 119; Emphasis mine.

Thursday, October 23, 2014

Quote: Dr. Paul Brand on the design of nerve cells

“The more I delve into natural laws – the atom, the universe, the solid elements, molecules, the sun, and even more, the interplay of all the mechanisms required to sustain life – I am astounded.  The whole creation could collapse like a deck of cards if just one of those factors were removed.   Some people really believe that all the design and precision in nature came about by chance, that if millions of molecules bombard each other long enough a nerve cell and sensory ending at exactly the right threshold will be bound to turn up.  To those people I merely suggest that they try to make one, as I did, and see what chance is up against.” - Dr. Paul Brand

Dr. Brand was the first physician to recognize that leprosy did not cause the loss of tissue, but is actually the loss of sensation that makes sufferers susceptible to injury.

In his book Where is God When It Hurts?, Philip Yancey states, “Dr. Brand received a several-million-dollar grant for the express purpose of designing an artificial pain system…  After five years of work, thousands of man-hours, and several million dollars, Brand and his associates abandoned the entire project…  A warning system suitable for just one hand was exorbitantly expensive, subject to frequent mechanical breakdown, and hopelessly inadequate to interpret the profusion of sensations…  The body’s pain network includes several hundred million sensors that function maintenance free throughout a healthy person’s life.”

Have a little hope on me,

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Video: Homosexuality- Compassion and Clarity by Sean McDowell

As the culture war continues to heat up, homosexuality continues to take center stage.  It seems that one cannot even share an opposing opinion on the topic without being labeled "bigoted" or "homophobic."

In this featured talk, apologist Sean McDowell works through a number of Bible passages to explain the biblical view of homosexuality.  Sean also gives helpful advice on how the follower of Jesus can address this issue in a Christ-like manner.

Courage and Godspeed,